Food supplements are products that people take orally and contain nutrients to add to the normal diet. These additional nutrients can include minerals, vitamins, plants, herbs, amino acids, organs, metabolites, and glands. Ingredients such as extracts or combinations such as soft gels, liquids, oils, capsules, tablets and powders can also be dietary supplements.
Food supplements can also come in bars and other forms, but they are classified as foods rather than drugs.
Classification of food supplements
Food supplements can be classified into the following four categories.
Herbs and plants
Herbal food supplements are made from natural products. These products are active ingredients or extracts from the roots of plants, stems, seeds, leaves, flowers or buds. Herbal products can be extracts of two or more active ingredients, or whole plants. Herbal extracts can be used to maintain low cholesterol levels, maintain health, and help control disease. People often mistakenly believe that because they are natural, these supplements are good for you.
An example of a dangerous dietary supplement is ephedra extract. Usually used for weight loss and improving energy. This can cause muscle injury, low blood pressure, nerve damage, and stroke or memory loss. It is prohibited, but any food supplement containing this plant extract should never be used.
Many herbs have proven to be good dietary supplements. Some of them are listed below.
Grape seed antioxidants
The grape seed food supplement concentrates the extract of active ingredients from grape seed. The product has antioxidant properties and can be used as a free radical scavenger.
Oxy-Gen 3 flavor
Oxy-Gen is an aloe vera food supplement, which can provide the body with improved oxygen.
Other herbal dietary supplements include cranberry, garlic, green tea, ginkgo biloba, and more.
Vitamin food supplements contain many essential vitamins necessary for cellular reactions and bodily functions. Certain vitamins also exhibit antioxidant properties and can eliminate free radicals in the body. Some vitamins found in food supplements are not produced in the human body, such as vitamin K and vitamin D. Healthy people with a well-balanced diet do not need vitamin supplements because excessive use of these vitamins. dietary supplements can cause liver damage.
There are two types of vitamins: water soluble and fat soluble. Water-soluble vitamins (like vitamin C and 7 types of vitamin B) are soluble in water, so they are not stored in large amounts in the body. Fat soluble vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E, and K) are stored in body fat. People use fresh fruit or vitamin dietary supplements to ensure adequate amounts of water soluble vitamins.
Vitamins A and D (25,000 IU / 1000 IU)
This food supplement is rich in vitamin A and vitamin D, many cellular functions and bodily reactions require vitamin A and vitamin D to release energy.
B-12 / folic acid association
Vitamin B12 and folic acid belong to the family of B vitamins and support the role of vitamin C. It also helps strengthen the acid present in the stomach for better digestion.
Other vitamin food supplements include vitamin C, vitamin D, vitamin E, vitamin K, vitamin B12, B6, B3, etc.
Mineral dietary supplements contain minerals that are needed for body fluids and human tissues (such as bones, brain, teeth, liver, brain, blood, muscles, and nerve cells). There are around 60 minerals in the human body, but 22 of them are essential. In order to get the right amount of minerals, it is recommended to take good, healthy foods and dietary supplements.
Food supplements contain two minerals necessary for the human body. The main m
Who needs food supplements?
Due to the lack of proper vitamins and mineral rich foods or the lack of adequate food, all people who lack certain nutrients in their diet or their body need dietary supplements. Athletes, vegetarians, the elderly and pregnant women can use food supplements to improve their health.
Choice and use of food supplements
Food supplements can provide additional nutrients and cannot replace food. Natural foods provide many complex compounds that the human body needs for many functions and cell metabolism. These products are only used to improve bodily function. Before choosing a supplement, please keep the following points in mind.
It is wise to avoid all dietary supplements containing large pieces or lumps of food. Excessive use can lead to malnutrition. Many dietary supplements contain herbs and plant extracts that are known to cause serious side effects. You must have complete and workable information on the ingredients. Natural vitamins are more expensive, and if a company is offering very low prices, they may not be real. Check the supplement label and note the nutrients in each serving. The drug label must bear the USP, which means that the dietary supplement meets the standards of the United States Pharmacopoeia.
There are some known food supplements that people should not take. Some of them include aristolochic acid which is toxic to the kidneys, purple anthers which cause liver disease, kava which can cause liver damage, tiramitol which can cause heart disease, the anterior chamber which causes hepatitis and usnic acid which is toxic to the liver. There are other food supplements with side effects on the market.